Process management


We recommend the use of supervisord to monitor your application and restart the process in case of problems.

To install supervisord into your virtualenv add a supervisor section to your buildout.cfg:

parts = django supervisor


recipe = collective.recipe.supervisor
programs = 10 django ${buildout:bin-directory}/django [runserver 8000]

Run buildout again to install supervisord:

$ ./bin/buildout

Start the supervisord.:

$ ./bin/supervisord

You can now manage your Django instance with supervisord:

$ ./bin/supervisorctl

Init scripts

Service users may have their own init scripts to start and stop services on machine startup/shutdown. The system invokes user-specific init scripts in the user’s context.

Init script location

Init scripts are automatically picked up by the system if they are placed in the directory /var/spool/init.d/USERNAME.:

$ tree /var/spool/init.d
`-- srvuser
    |-- 10supervisor
    `-- 20other_app


All directories beneath /var/spool/init.d must have the same name as the service user that owns them. Otherwise the scripts in the directory will not be run by the system.

On system start, init scripts are run as user srvuser in the following order:

/var/spool/init.d/srvuser/10supervisor start
/var/spool/init.d/srvuser/20other_app start

On system shutdown, init scripts are run as user srvuser in the following order:

/var/spool/init.d/srvuser/20other_app stop
/var/spool/init.d/srvuser/10supervisor stop

The system runs all executable scripts which have file names that conform to the run-parts --lsbsysinit namespaces. It is recommended to use only alphanumerical characters. For details, see the run-parts(1) manual page.

If init scripts do not terminate (e.g. start services in the foreground), they will be killed after 5 minutes. So be sure that your init scripts start services in the background.


Unfortunately, the supervisord provides no single command that accepts start and stop arguments in a way that is compatible to the user init scheme.

To work around this limitation, write a shell script which starts and stops supervisord accordingly and place/symlink it into the /var/spool/init.d/USERNAME directory:

# Wrapper script to start/stop supervisord from userinit.
# Copyright (c) gocept gmbh & co. kg
# See also LICENSE.txt
set -e


start() {
    start-stop-daemon --start -p "$PIDFILE" -i -- "$DAEMON"

stop() {
    "$CTL" shutdown

restart() {
    "$CTL" restart all

status() {
    "$CTL" status

case $1 in
        restart || {
            stop || true

Note that the set -e line causes the shell to exit the whole script unsuccessfully if one of the invoked commands exits unsuccessfully.


To test the setup, you can invoke the user-specific init scripts manually when logged in as service user:

$ userinit -v start
run-parts: executing /var/spool/init.d/srvuser/10supervisor start

$ userinit -v stop
run-parts: executing /var/spool/init.d/srvuser/10supervisor stop

If these tests succeed, the services will very likely start at system boot time.

Error handling

Userinit tries to proceed if one of the configured services fail to start or stop. All errors and other messages are logged to syslog. We assume that there are monitoring checks that fire off if required processes are not running.

To determine what happened during actual startup or shutdown of the machine, you can consult /var/log/rc.log.